Further progress in oil and gas development towards a depth of 10000 meters
As soon as the Ministry of Petroleum Industry was established, the first ministerial council decided to send two inspection groups to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe to investigate natural oil and man-made oil. It is required to examine "feasible ways to bring back the development of China's petroleum industry." From September 1955 to February of the following year, the natural oil expedition led by Assistant Minister Kang Shien inspected all aspects of the Soviet oil industry, and visited the Baku oil area and the Romashkin oil field to investigate the characteristics and practices of the old oil area and the new oil field. The delegation's serious attitude to study and the spirit of "breaking the casserole and asking the end" deeply moved the Soviet counterparts. In January 9, the Ministry of Oil held the "First National Petroleum Exploration Conference", and Kang Shien, who was in the Soviet Union, wrote a long letter entitled "How to Find Oil in China" to the conference, pointing out the reasons for China's low exploration results in the past by comparing it with the advanced experience of the Soviet Union. It is recommended that "the oil-bearing areas of the country be comprehensively planned, starting from solving the fundamental problems, and carrying out exploration step by step".
A special report meeting on China's petroleum exploration was held. The room was packed and the audience asked questions, reflecting the focus on emerging oil powers. After the meeting, American reporters interviewed us. The reporter asked: "Who is better than the Chinese and American petroleum geologists?" The vice president of the AAPG annual meeting, who accompanied us, was the first to answer: "Exploration of marine formations, the Americans are smart; Exploration of terrestrial strata, Chinese brilliant. Study the geology of small blocks, Americans are smart; Study regional geology and Chinese wise. The answer "knowing oneself and knowing the other" is very pertinent. Afterwards, the vice chairman told us that China's "holistic" regional geology work had been successful, and he had repeatedly recommended it to his American counterparts.
"Urban development cannot be separated from three-dimensional space and time. Temporal and spatial information is the best reference and best record of urban development." Li Weisen, deputy director of the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping, popularized his vision of a smart city from a professional perspective: Smart cities rely on modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things and cloud computing, supported by spatiotemporal information, to solidify human information into the construction, management, operation, service, and development of cities, forming intelligent operations that do not or rarely rely on humans
According to the relevant person in charge, in the field of centimeter level high-precision GNSS navigation and positioning technology, the Nebulas II (UC4C0) chip has reached international leading levels in technology, various indicators, and other aspects. The receiver board developed based on this chip can reduce its size by more than half.
According to media reports, US Trade Representative Michael Froman stated that China and the United States have made breakthroughs in negotiations to eliminate tariffs on information technology products. He expects these breakthroughs to lay the foundation for the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) negotiations to be held in Geneva at the end of the year. Froman said that China and the United States have reached an agreement on ITA expansion on the evening of the 10th, which will implement zero tariffs on various technology products, including GPS equipment. The other technology products mainly include medical equipment, video game consoles, semiconductors, and other new products.
At present, China has successfully launched 4 BeiDou navigation test satellites and 16 BeiDou navigation satellites. The second step of the "Three Step" strategy for the construction of BeiDou navigation engineering - the BeiDou satellite navigation regional network has been successfully achieved. The accuracy and level of the BeiDou navigation system in the Asia Pacific region is no less than that of the GPS global positioning system. He stated that China should accelerate the formulation and improvement of relevant policies for the navigation industry, and guide its orderly development.
According to the official website of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, Salvatore Shakitano, President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), recently replied to the Civil Aviation Administration (CAAC), explicitly accepting the commitment made by Feng Zhenglin, Director of CAAC, on behalf of the Chinese government, to make the BeiDou ("Beidou System" for short) public service to ICAO. This marks the official consensus between China and ICAO on the Beidou system serving global civil aviation applications, laying a solid foundation for the subsequent review and formal inclusion of Beidou system standards in ICAO standards, and ultimately achieving the Beidou system serving global civil aviation applications.
Unmanned agricultural machinery used for farming in the fields, fishing boats used for ocean fishing, navigation software in mobile phones... In an increasing number of navigation and positioning scenarios, there is a similar Chinese core hidden - the "Beidou". According to data released by the China Satellite Navigation and Positioning Association, as of the end of 2020, the sales of domestically produced Beidou compatible chips and modules had exceeded 150 million pieces, with quarterly shipments exceeding 10 million pieces. The total social ownership of terminal products with Beidou positioning function exceeded 1 billion units, and the domestic output value of the Beidou system industry chain reached 403.3 billion yuan.